>> Thursday, August 14, 2014
Much of the reason I wanted to go to Israel so badly is its ancient history. I love Biblical history and archaeology. Though I am not in any way religious, I was raised Catholic so grew up knowing the Bible stories. I love archaeology, so adore the use of modern technology to clarify, confirm, or refute ancient stories.
Mostly I just plain love OLD things. Really really old. And that Jerusalem has in abundance. These photos are a few of the old things that captured my eye or imagination or both.
Stairway for climbing onto the ramparts at the Jaffa Gate:
Station 8 of the Cross, on the Via Dolorosa. Station 8 is across the market street and up the steps of Aqabat al-Khanqah, opposite the Station VIII Souvenir Bazaar. (Yes, plenty of stores cater to tourists while oozing cheeze.) The stone bears a cross and the Greek inscription "NIKA," and is on the wall of the Greek Orthodox Monastery of St. Charalambos. Station 8 supposedly marks the place where Jesus consoled the lamenting women of Jerusalem (Lk 23:27-31), though modern archaeology does not necessarily support that the Via Dolorosa is actually the route Jesus would have walked.
This is the door to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. I LOVE the old inscriptions, and wondered many times while in Jerusalem exactly what the dividing line is between "graffiti" and "wicked cool historic markings." A side note, there are six Christian sects (Greek Orthodox, Armenian Apostolic, Roman Catholic, Coptic Orthodox, Ethiopian Orthodox, and Syriac Orthodox) that share the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, and they can't get along, each arguing their claim is more significant, or that another sect is interfering with their rites, etc. Yes, monks have been known to throw punches in the church in recent times - there was a brawl as recently as 2008. Since the Christian sects can't agree who among them should hold the keys, since 1192, a pair of Muslim families has kept the keys to the Church, and open it and close it every day.
Ancient ossuaries on the Mount of Olives on the grounds of the Dominus Flevit Church. Jewish law requires that people be buried within 24 hours of death. Stone ossuaries like these would be used for secondary burial (burial of just the bones) during the Second Temple period and they were very common from the second century BCE until the first century CE.
This is also on the grounds of the Dominus Flevit Church. It's a Byzantine mosaic, impeccably preserved and absolutely lovely. I love how they made the ribbon around the edges look three dimensional.
The tombs of Zachariah and Bnei Hezir, in the Kidron Valley. The one in the foreground, which is the tomb of Bnei Hezir, is dated to the beginning of the 1st Century BCE, during the Hasmonean period. They are entirely carved from the surrounding rock, not constructed.
Of course, the Dome of the Rock itself is very old, having been constructed around 691 CE. During the entire time I was there, non-Muslims were not permitted to go up to the platform, but whether that was because it was Ramadan or because it was a time of political unrest, I do not know. Maybe both. Maybe next time I go I will be able to get closer.
This is an archaeological dig just outside the Ancient City of David. It used to be a parking lot. Most of the finds at this site have been Roman or Byzantine.
And THIS is one of the spots I was most excited to visit while in Jerusalem. The photos aren't impressive or artistic, but the experience was beyond remarkable. It is the entrance to Hezekiah's Tunnel, which was dug as an aqueduct from the Gihon Spring to the Pool of Siloam. According to legend, King Hezekiah prepared Jerusalem for battle with the Assyrians by blocking to source of the waters of the upper Gihon (2 Kings 20:20). The Tunnel has actually variously been dated by experts from any time between late 9th Century to early 7th Century BCE. The tunnel is 533 meters long, and according to an inscription, was excavated by two teams, one digging from each end. The original plaque marking where the two teams met is now in the Istanbul Archeological Museum, having been removed at some point during Jerusalem's long period of Ottoman rule.
I've read about Hezekiah's Tunnel, which had been lost to history and rediscovered in the 1830s, and always been amazed by it. Clearly I'm not the only person enchanted with it, since it appears in various works of literature. Can you even fathom digging a tunnel through solid rocks with hammers and chisels, and having the two teams ACTUALLY meet in the middle? They weren't just digging in a straight line, either. The tunnel twists and turns.
Remarkably, you can walk through it. The water level is now somewhat controlled, though up until quite recently a sudden rain storm during the rainy season could fill the tunnel rapidly to its ceiling, drowning anyone who was in it.
It was pitch black except for our tiny flashlights, full of cool sweet water (remember it was about 98 degrees and blazing sun outside). There were places where the ceiling was so low I had to bend over, and the tunnel was for most of its length darn close to the width of my body. It was a tight squeeze. My whole family happily splashed our way through its narrow winding 533 meters, including my 9 year old niece. Being seriously claustrophobic, the trip required two klonopin for me to manage, but it was definitely one of the highlights of my trip - hell, it was one of the highlights of my life so far.
It emerges into the Pool of Siloam. For many years they thought this was the extent of the legendary pool, though a recent sewer pipe rupture led to excavations that uncovered a much larger pool a few feet away.
Another spot I was very excited to visit. This is variously known as Zedekiah's Cave, Solomon's Quarries, Zedekiah's Grotto, Suleiman's Cave, the Royal Caverns, Royal Caves, Royal Quarries, Korah's Cave, and the Cotton Grotto. Take your pick!
The photo is pretty awful - my camera does not do well in low light, and this was just taken with my iPhone's panoramic feature. These caves are entered through a door in the walls of the City, between the Damascus and Herod Gates. These caves extend waaaaaay under the City. The part that is accessible to visitors certainly does not include the entirety of the caves. Laurie R. King wrote about these caves in her book O Jerusalem, and the main characters end up under the Dome of the Rock, starting from these caves. I can imagine it just might be possible. I recommend the book, by the way.
The gardens around St. Anne's Church contained all sorts of amazing bits of stones and carvings, in addition to the ruins of a Byzantine church and Roman temple to the god of medicine. These rest of the photos are from the ruins and gardens.